Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, chronic or relapsing inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the scalp, but can also appear in skin folds and on oily areas of the skin such as the eyebrows, nose, upper lip, chest, and behind the ears. In infants, the condition is called “Cradle cap” and is a harmless, temporary condition that is not contagious.
Dandruff is a non-inflamed form of seborrheic dermatitis. Dandruff presents as bran-like scaly patches within hair-bearing areas of the scalp.
Areas affected by Seborrheic Dermatitis may appear red with scaly white or yellow patches. Affected areas may also be sore and itchy. It may cause hair loss and bleeding if the condition is severe.
Infantile seborrheic dermatitis (also known as "cradle cap") affects babies under the age of 3 months, and usually resolves by 6-12 months of age.
Adult seborrheic dermatitis tends to begin in late adolescence. It is more common in males than females.
In normal conditions, oil glands produce sebum as required to lubricate skin. However when sebum is secreted in larger quantities and occurs with yeast called Malessizia, you may develop seborrheic dermatitis. Some factors may increase your risk of developing seborrheic dermatitis and they include:
Seborrheic dermatitis is diagnosed by its clinical appearance and behavior. It’s a treatable skin condition and is not a communicable disease.
Face, ears, chest & back
Consult your doctor to know more on seborrheic dermatitis and other treatment options available.